Well, the court's holding is essentially that it implicitly
by ratinatux (2019-01-09 15:22:56)

In reply to: Interesting - I thought it was. *  posted by eddysorin

is included, because the collective bargaining agreement included a waiver of any challenges to the NFL's bylaws, and the rule is in the bylaws, such that the rule is part of the "unique bundle of compromises" between the PA and the league.